Institute of Perception Studies (IPS) is a Delhi based non-profit organisation and works for poverty alleviation and rural and urban distress reforms. We work amongst farmers, women and migrant workers.

IPS undertakes research on rural and urban distress. In past, the research has identified gaps in welfare and identified structured interventions through Rural Distress Reports (RDRs) and Urban Distress Reports (UDRs). While the UDRs have assessed poverty and unemployment in slums of Delhi, the RDRs have tracked farmer suicide households and farmer households in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Telangana.

IPS also unifies the various aspects of the social, political and cultural, to reveal the underlying disparities that societies across the world have accepted as ‘normal’. Distress understood only through economics neglects a far more wide-spread and insidious version that has come to represent the state of developing democracies like India. While poverty and deprivation may be examples of direct distress, there is an indirect distress prevalent as discontent in society that remains uncharted and, therefore, unaddressed.


To redefine distress in Indian democracy beyond its perception.

To demarcate different kinds of indirect distress.

To find methodologies of distress.

To identify interventions that can reverse distress.